Iontophoresis Care

What Is Iontophoresis?
Iontophoresis is a way to get medicine deep into the body through the use of electricity. Iontophoresis uses a small electrical current produced by a controller and electrodes, to deliver medicine or specific chemicals through the skin - basically and injection without the needle.

Iontophoresis is commonly used by physical therapists for the application of anti-inflammatory medications. Common diagnoses treated with Iontophoresis include plantar fasciitis, bursitis and some types of hyperhidrosis.

How Does It Work?
The electrodes are placed over medicine that has been applied to the skin. When the small electric current is activated, the medicine is pushed away from the electrode and into the body.

Treatments generally last between 10 to 20 minutes, but can vary depending on certain types of treatments being administered. During a treatment, a slight prickling or tingling sensation may be felt.

Advantages of Iontophoresis
Among the many advantages of Iontophoresis, the most apparent are: First, the treatment is virtually painless when properly administered. Second, it provides an option for those reluctant or unable to receive injections. Third, it reduces risk of infection due to its non-invasive nature. Fourth, the treatment lowers the potential for tissue trauma or soreness from an injection.

Technically Speaking…
Iontophoresis is a non-invasive method of propelling high concentrations of a charged substance, normally medication or bioactive agents, transdermally by repulsive electromotive force using a small electrical charge applied to an iontophoretic chamber containing a similarly charged active agent and its vehicle. To clarify, one or two chambers are filled with a solution containing an active ingredient and its solvent, termed the vehicle. The positively charged chamber, termed the anode will repel a positively charged chemical, while the negatively charged chamber, termed the cathode, will repel a negatively charged chemical into the skin. Iontophoresis is well classified for use in transdermal drug delivery.